The terms in this part of the glossary are organized alphabetically. Note: Pop-up feature needs to be enabled for some links to work.
A short summary or overview explaining the general focus of a book, article, or other source. A time saving strategy is to read the abstract to check the source’s relevancy to your project. Example of Abstract.
Short title for the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for scholars in the social and behavioral sciences. The manual provides guidelines for writing such as document structure, writing style, tone, and formatting for in-text citations and reference list. (Sample paper) The APA has just updated it's format in October, 2019. You can consult this basic guide for citation formulas. Learn more about APA Style. See also Chicago Style, MLA style
A unique identifier (like a street address) given to library items so they can be easily found. Items about the same subject often have similar call numbers. Major call number systems include Dewey Decimal and Library of Congress. Learn more on the Understanding Call Numbers guide. See also Call Number: Library Congress
A classification system using a combination letters and/or numbers developed by the Library of Congress. This is the system used in most academic libraries including the Jonathan Edwards Library. Learn more on the Understanding Call Numbers guide. See also Call Number
A type of database, searchable online, used by libraries that includes information about the items they own or subscribe to it is often referred to as a Public Access Catalog or PAC. The PAC is searchable online, as well as in the Library. Each item’s record in the catalog provides information like title, author, a unique call number, and floor location. The call number on the record corresponds to the same number that is included on the spine of the physical book/resource. Learn more about Using the Catalog. BCC uses the CW/Mars Evergreen catalog system which is shared by many Libraries in Central and Western Massachusetts. You can search our catalog or that of any of the other member libraries. Books and materials in other libraries can be ordered by patrons directly by placing a Hold. Remember, you will need your Staff or Student ID card to borrow and/or place a Hold on a book. Your Staff or Student ID is also your Library Card. If you don't have a student or staff ID card, come to the library and we will make one up for you. For further information on searching the online catalog to find books, use these CW/Mars tutorials: The Online Catalog: General FAQs, CWMars Catalog Help , How to Place Holds, and Managing Your Account. See PAC
Short title for The Chicago Manual of Style created and written by the University of Chicago Press for scholars in a variety of disciplines. The manual provides guidelines for writing such as document structure, writing style, tone, and formatting for in-text citations and reference list. (Sample paper) Learn more about Chicago Style. See also APA style, MLA style
A quotation or excerpt to a book, paper, or author, especially from a scholarly work that is noted in your research. By "citing" your sources you let the readers of your work know where the ideas and facts you are using come from. See BCC Citation page, Citation Style, In-text Citation, OWL page on APA in-text Citations, OWL page on MLA in-text Citations
A specific format for an in-text citation or a note citation within a paper, presentation, article, etc. Different professional organizations include this information in the different style manuals they create. Learn more on the Citing Sources guide. See also MLA style; APA style, Chicago Style
Protection and legal rights provided by United States law [title 17, U.S. Code] to the authors of “original works.” These include literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and other intellectual works. This can affect how students and faculty access and use information for their research. Learn more about Copyright.
A searchable set of records. The set of records could be for articles, books, images, etc. Each record includes specific information about an item comprised of fields. The Jonathan Edwards Library subscribes to over 70 article databases which you can find on our database page. Each database contains a search box that allows you to search for articles about a subject you are interested in. Because most of these are licensed, you will need to authenticate by using your library barcode on the back of you student or staff ID card (your username) and password, (your last name in capital letters) to access these. Your Staff or Student ID is also your Library Card. If you don't have a student or staff ID card, come to the library and we will make one up for you. Each database See also Catalog, Field(s), Search Engine, Video: Choosing a Database
Examples of databases: BCC Catalog, Amazon, Yellowpages.com, Zappos, Apple Store, Google Play
Examples of article databases: Academic Search Premier, ERIC, Web of Science
Parts of the internet (typically databases) unavailable through conventional search engines, like Google or Yahoo. One must pay, subscribe, login, or know the direct URL to visit these sites and databases. Learn more with this Deep Web video.
Examples: University of Massachusetts Labor Center, Library Databases, PayPal
A specific component of a database record that includes unique information. In search engines, fields can be used to limit or focus a search. See also records
Examples: Author (e.g. George Orwell), Title (e.g. 1984), Subject (e.g. Dystopia)
When an entire item is available online. For example, the entire review of a Broadway play in the New York Times database or an entire article on surgical nursing care for children who have had a tonsillectomy in the Ovid Database's American Journal of Nursing. .
See Open Web
See Deep Web
Holds are items that you have requested through the Public Access Catalog or PAC. You place holds on items that you request from other libraries so that they will be sent to you at your home library. This is done free of charge. You can also place holds on items that you would like to receive but which are not currently available because they are checked out. See How to Place Holds
Involves finding sources, analyzing the material, evaluating the credibility of the sources, and using and citing sources ethically and legally. See also Information Fluency, Information Fluency at BCC
The ability to critically think while engaging with, creating, and utilizing information and technology regardless of format and platform. Learn more about Information Fluency at ISU. See also Information Literacy, Information Fluency at BCC
A specific method to clearly identify a source within the body of a research or scholarly document (e.g. paper, book, article, report, etc.) See also Citation, OWL page on APA in-text Citations, OWL page on MLA in-text Citations, BCC Citation page, Citation Style,
A specific type of search method within a database, catalog, or search engine that uses minimal limits or parameters. The search term(s) (word or phrase) may be located anywhere in the record (title, abstract, full text, subject heading, etc.) See also Author Search, Field(s), Search, Subject Search, Title Search, Tutorial: Choosing and Using Keywords
A classification system developed by the Library of Congress used to assign subject headings and a call number. This process often groups items about a similar topic together. This system is used by most academic libraries including the Jonathan Edwards Library. See also Call numbers, Call Numbers: Library of Congress, Library of Congress site, Subject Heading, BCC LC Page
At BCC we use Student and Staff IDs. The Library barcode, which is used to check out a book, and access article databases from off-campus, is printed on the back of the Student or Staff ID card. Student or Staff ID's are created right in the Library, so if you have any questions about how to use them, we are here to help you!
Short title for the MLA Handbook created and written by The Modern Language Association for scholars in the Humanities. The handbook provides guidelines for writing such as paper structure, writing style, tone, and formatting for in-text citations and reference list. (Sample paper) Learn more about MLA Style. See also APA style, Chicago Style.
Not influenced by personal feelings or opinions when representing facts; impartial. Learn how to check for Objectivity
The parts of the internet that is available for free and can be accessed by anyone. This also where anyone can publish on the web. Free web search engines (Google, Bing, Yahoo...) search only this portion of online items.
PAC - The Public Access Catalog, a database of all the books and other works in the Library's collection. The PAC is an online catalog that allows you to search the collection to located items. See Catalog.
A scholarly article from a journal that has been approved by a panel of experts in the same field of study before it is accepted for publication. Also could be called a refereed or scholarly source. Video: Peer Reviewed, Tutorial: Source Types See also Scholarly Journal
Using or closely imitating another person’s ideas, text, or work and presenting it as your own without proper acknowledgement of the original source. Learn how to avoid plagiarism. BCC's Plagiarism Policy.
A publication containing articles on a variety of topics, written by various authors in a non-scholarly or general interest style. Most magazines are heavily illustrated, contain advertising, and are printed on glossy paper. The articles are usually short (less than five pages long), frequently unsigned, and tend not to include a bibliography or list of references.
Examples: Psychology Today. Time, Newsweek, Popular Mechanic
Items or original works that are a firsthand record of a topic, historical events, practices, conditions, or original research. They have not been filtered through interpretation or evaluation. Learn more about Primary Sources. Video: Primary and Secondary Research, Tutorial: Source Types See also Secondary Sources, Tertiary Sources,Types of Sources
These are sources that provide background information. The Jonathan Edwards Library houses a reference collection that includes handbooks, encyclopedias, dictionaries and guides. We also have online Reference resources such as Encyclopedia Britannica, Biography In-Context and Literary Resource Center. The Library also has the Credo Reference Online, which contains hundreds of online versions of encyclopedias, dictionaries and other reference materials. Credo, like many of our databases, is accessible off-campus but you must use your library barcode and password to get into it.
An evaluation criteria used to determine how applicable the information is for the purpose of your paper, speech, presentation, etc. See also Accuracy, Authority, Currency, Purpose, Learn how to check for Relevancy
A publication comprised of articles and devoted to research and scholarship in a specific discipline or field of knowledge. Articles undergo a rigorous review process before acceptance. See also Peer-reviewed
Examples: The College Mathematics Journal, Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social Care, Modern Fiction Studies
In library research, using structured mechanisms such as a catalog, search engine, database, etc., either online or print-based, to find information relevant to a topic or project. Learn more about the Search Process.
Software and programming created to retrieve information from a database, computer, or the Internet.
Examples: Google, Yahoo, Bing, CW/Mars Catalog, Academic Search Premier. See also Database, Video: Choosing a Database, Tutorial: Video: Choosing the Best Web Source, Video: Beginning Research with Wikipedia/Google
A combination of search terms and commands entered into a search engine's or database's search boxes. The combination you enter influences your results. Learn more about Searching and Refining Results. See also Search Terms, Search Strategy, Video: Refining Search Results, Tutorial: Choosing and Using Keywords
media and body image
"wind power" and bird mortality
(drink* or alcohol*) and college
Example: 1) Selecting search terms that represent the main concepts of a research question or thesis statement. 2) Select appropriate search engines or databases for the topic. 3) Identify subject heading(s) from search results.
Items that interpret, critique, or analyze information, content, or findings of primary sources about a specific topic. Learn more about Secondary Sources. Learn more: Video: Secondary Sources. Video: Primary and Secondary Research, See also Primary Sources, Tertiary Sources, Types of Sources
A publication which specifies the guidelines to writers for styling their paper, speech, etc. such as paper structure, writing style, tone, and formatting for in-text citations and reference list. Learn more about Citation Styles. See also APA style, Chicago Style, MLA style, Style Manual Examples -BCC
A search method that only searches the subject field within a database, catalog, or search engine. See also Author Search, Field(s), Keyword Search, Search, Title Search, Tutorial: Choosing and Using Keywords
Items that compile information from secondary and primary sources to provide a broad overview or representation of a topic or related topics. Reference materials are tertiary sources. Learn more about Tertiary Sources. Video: Tertiary Sources, Tutorial: Source Types See also Primary Source, Secondary Source, Reference Materials/Works
A search strategy used to retrieve all different endings of the word by placing special symbol or wildcard at the end of a word. Databases and search engines all use different symbols or wildcards, but the asterisk ( * ) is the most commonly used. See also Wildcard
A symbol put anywhere in a search term to have a database or search engine search for any letter(s) in that designated position. See also Truncation
In MLA style, the title used for the bibliography and a way to refer to the list of sources in the bibliography. See also Annotated Bibliography; Bibliography; Reference(s), Works Cited, In-text Citation, BCC Citation page
Created Based On A Guide By Illinois State University Library