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Information Fluency

Critical Thinking Defined

According to Oxford, Critical Thinking is a noun meaning "The objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to form a judgment."

Critical Thinking

The Critical Thinking Core Competency Rubric's Value to Information Literacy

The Critical Thinking Core Competency Rubric provides a road map not only to thinking critically, but for information literacy. The very skills necessary to successfully meet the requirements of the rubric are the same skills that you use when writing a research paper. 

In fact, we tell our students in Library Information sessions to familiarize themselves with the rubric and think about it when they are researching and writing their papers.

These are an abbreviated form of the six cognitive skills used when thinking critically:

1.  Interpret (identify main idea)
2.  Analyze &  distinguish claims
3.  Evaluate for credibility.
4.  Infer (draw conclusions from the evidence gathered)
5.  Explain, stating results.
6.  Reflect & self-examine.  (reconsider views if needed.)

Information Fluency

Information Fluency


information fluency graphic


Information fluency is the ability to critically think while engaging with, creating, and utilizing information and technology regardless of format or platform. Specifically, an information fluent individual has these competencies:

  1. Recognize the need for information;
  2. Formulate a plan to obtain the information including appropriate technologies to be used;
  3. Discover, identify, and retrieve information from multiple venues and in multiple formats;
  4. Evaluate and select relevant and credible information;
  5. Synthesize obtained information or create new information using various technologies; and
  6. Present or publish an information product to an audience using an appropriate platform.

Overall Learning Outcomes

The Information Fluency Program enables students, faculty, and staff  to:

  • Access information from multiple venues and in multiple formats in order to find and create relevant, credible information sources and products.
  • Apply critical analysis to the entire information research and creation process in order to generate appropriate information products and use appropriate delivery platforms.
  • Articulate the complexity of issues related to using information and technology in order to use, share, and create knowledge in an ethical and legal manner.
  • Synthesize existing and new information in order to engage in and contribute to local, national, and global discourse.

Adopted from the Milner Library, University of IL

Coordinator of Library Services

Karen Carreras-Hubbard's picture
Karen Carreras-Hubbard
Jonathan Edwards Library, Berkshire Community College
1350 West Street
Pittsfield, MA 01085